Welcome to explore the structure and functions of the human brain.
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The brain is the most complex organ in the human body. It produces our every thought, action, memory, feeling and experience of the world. This jelly-like mass of tissue, weighing in at around 1.4 kilograms, contains a staggering one hundred billion nerve cells, or neurons. The brain has many parts.
The complexity of the connectivity between these cells is mind-boggling. Each neuron can make contact with thousands or even tens of thousands of others, via tiny structures called synapses. Our brains form a million new connections for every second of our lives. The pattern and strength of the connections is constantly changing and no two brains are alike.
The brain has three main parts, the cerebrum, the cerebellum, and the brain stem. The brain is divided into regions that control specific functions.
The central part of the brain includes the brain stem and the midbrain. The function of the midbrain and has been largely preserved over years of evolution. The functions of the forebrain, however, have changed somewhat. The cortex part is highly developed with a high capacity for complex thinking and problem solving.
The brain stem contains vital structures including the medulla oblongata which controls breathing, heart rate, and digestion and the cerebellum which coordinates sensory input and maintains muscle movement and balance.
This midbrain is responsible for vision, hearing, temperature control, motor control and alertness. The midbrain part also connects the brain stem to the thalamus, allowing for information to be relayed from the senses to the brain and back to the muscles. The midbrain also includes a limbic system which lies above the brain stem and under the cortex. It consists of a number of interrelated structures that regulate temperature control, hormones, and emotions. The limbic system also deals with long term memory.
You will find more useful informations about brain parts and functions in this application.
General informations about the brain :
- "Human Brain",
- "Whole Brain",
- "General Features",
- "Cerebral Cortex",
- "Cortical Divisions",
- "Functional Divisions",
- "Sources Of Information",
- "Structural And Functional Imaging",
Information about the parts and functions of the brain :
- "Basal Ganglia",
- "Brain Stem",
- "Brocas Area",
- "Cingulate Gyrus",
- "Corpus Callosum",
- "Dentate Gyrus",
- "Frontal Lobe",
- "Limbic System",
- "Mid(Inferior) Temporal Gyri",
- "Occipital Lobes",
- "Parietal Lobes",
- "Perirhinal Cortex",
- "Pineal Gland",
- "Prefrontal Cortex",
- "Premotor Cortex",
- "Primary Motor Cortex",
- "Somatosensory Cortex",
- "Superior Temporal Gyrus",
- "Temporal lobes",
- "Wernickes Area"
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