Aarti, also spelled arti, arathi, aarthi, arati or arthi is a Hindu ritual, in which light from wicks soaked in ghee (purified butter) or camphor is offered to one or more deities. Aarti also refers to the songs sung in praise of the deity, when offering of lamps is being offered.
Aarti are Hindi prayer songs, which is sung in a chorus, to address god and goddess with the waving of lamps before gods.Aarti is performed in all auspicious occasions. Aarti is generally performed one to five times daily and usually at the end of a puja or bhajan session. It is performed during almost all Hindu ceremonies and occasions.
The purpose of performing arati is the waving of lighted wicks before the deities in a spirit of humility and gratitude, wherein faithful followers become immersed in God's divine form. It symbolises the five elements:
Water (jal), and
Communal Aarti is performed in the temple; however, devotees also perform it in their homes.